Mongol Armor

1325, Mongolia

In the 13th century, Mongol leader Genghis Khan conquered a vast territory from Southeast Asia to Eastern Europe—about twice the size of the Roman Empire. His cavalry had to be lean and mobile to cross great distances swiftly, yet also able to face down much larger forces, including those of China and Persia.

Mongol armor was lightweight and allowed for ease of movement—ideal for archers who shot while charging on their horses. View rare helmet, armor, and spear on display.

Helmet, armor, and spear, Mongolia, 1325–1350