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Early Modern Period

Allen, Thomas. Tories: Fighting for the King in America’s First Civil War. New York: Harper Collins, 2010.

Archer, John Michael. Sovereignty and Intelligence: Spying and Court Culture in the English Renaissance. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Bakeless, Katherine and John Bakeless. Spies of the Revolution. Scholastic Book Services, 1962.

Baker, General L.C. History of the Secret Service. General L.C. Baker, 1867.

Brandt, Clare. The Man in the Mirror: A Life of Benedict Arnold. Random House, Inc., 1994.

Budiansky, Stephen. Her Majesty's Spymaster: Elizabeth I, Sir Francis Walsingham, and the Birth of Modern Espionage. New York: Viking Penguin, 2005.

Currey, Cecil B. Code Number 72/ Ben Franklin: Patriot or Spy?. Prentice-Hall Inc., 1972.

Haynes, Alan. Invisible Power: The Elizabethan Secret Services, 1570-1603. London: Sutton, 1992. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.

Hugh, Douglas. Jacobite Spy War: Moles, Rogues and Treachery. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton, 1999.

Kates, Gary. Monsieur d'Eon Is A Woman: A Tale of Political Intrigue and Sexual Masquerade. New York: Basic Books, 1995.

Marshall, Alan. Intelligence and Espionage in the Reign of Charles II, 1660-1685. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Morpurgo, J.E. Treason at West Point: the Arnold-Andre Conspiracy. Mason/Charter, 1975.

Nagy, John A. Invisible Ink: Spycraft of the American Revolution, Yardley: Westholme Publishing, 2009.

Plowden, Alison. The Elizabethan Secret Service. New York: New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

See also Spy Letters of the Revolution, from the Collections of the Clements Library:

Thompson, Edmund R. Secret New England: Spies of the American Revolution. David Atlee Phillips New England Chapter Association of Former Intelligence Officers, 1991.

Thompson, James Westfall, and Saul K. Padover. Secret Diplomacy: Espionage and Cryptography, 1500-1815. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1963.